Soil moisture, soil temperature, soil EC and air temperature data from 100 monitoring nodes located across a portion of the UNE SMART farms property Kirby. Data collected at ~10min intervals.
Soil moisture, soil temperature, soil EC and air temperature data from 100 monitoring nodes located across a portion of the UNE SMART farms property Kirby. Data collected at ~10min intervals.
Background: Maternal functioning and well-being are important aspects of a family’s adaptation to chronic paediatric conditions. Methods: This cross-sectional study investigated the difference between the perceived quality of life of mothers of children with diabetes (n = 63) and mothers of children without diabetes (n = 114). The study also examined the role of self-efficacy, relationship satisfaction, number of social support providers, and satisfaction with social support in predicting quality of life. Results: Mothers that had a child with diabetes had lower quality of life measured by general health, vitality, social functioning, role-emotional, and mental health than mothers that did not have a child with diabetes. Self-efficacy, relationship satisfaction, and social support were significant predictors of quality of life measured by mental health. Conclusion: Implications for research and potential interventions are discussed.
An experiment was conducted to test for the presence of prejudice towards obesity and whether weight controllability information reduces this prejudice and impacts on a person’s own healthy weight management. The experiment randomly allocated 346 participants (49 males) into one of three conditions: controllable contributors toward obesity condition (e.g., information about personal control about diet and exercise); uncontrollable contributors toward obesity condition (e.g., information about genes, factors in society); and a control condition with no information given. Using randomised control trial design and pre- and post-measures, the present study addressed many methodological issues present in previous studies. Prejudice was present in 81% of the sample. Weight controllability information had no significant effect on prejudice levels or exercise or healthy eating self-efficacy levels. A negative relationship was found between prejudice towards obesity and level of exercise and healthy eating self-efficacy. Weight status was negatively related to level of prejudice towards obesity and positively related to exercise and healthy eating self-efficacy. These findings suggest that future studies modelling causal factors in obesity may need to incorporate measures of healthy eating self-efficacy and prejudice.
Data with mental health (depression, anxiety, and stress) scores for three samples. Female partners: (a) random sub-sample of partners of Australian combat veterans, (b) partners of Special Air Services Regiment (SASR) personnel, and (c) partners of current serving military (non-SASR) personnel
An experiment was conducted to test for the presence of prejudice towards obesity and whether weight controllability information reduces this prejudice and impacts on a person’s own healthy weight management. The experiment randomly allocated 346 participants (49 males) into one of three conditions: controllable contributors toward obesity condition (e.g., information about personal control about diet and exercise); uncontrollable contributors toward obesity condition (e.g., information about genes, factors in society); and a control condition with no information given. Using randomised control trial design and pre- and post-measures, the present study addressed many methodological issues present in previous studies. Prejudice was present in 81% of the sample. Weight controllability information had no significant effect on prejudice levels or exercise or healthy eating self-efficacy levels. A negative relationship was found between prejudice towards obesity and level of exercise and healthy eating self-efficacy. Weight status was negatively related to level of prejudice towards obesity and positively related to exercise and healthy eating self-efficacy. These findings suggest that future studies modelling causal factors in obesity may need to incorporate measures of healthy eating self-efficacy and prejudice. (abstract from from published article https://peerj.com/articles/1764/)
Data comprised of female partners of Australian combat veterans (N=282). Identifying information has been removed including the "number of deployments".
Aldur = age Kyn = sex (strakur=boy, stelpa=girl) Country_born = in what country were you born Tungumal = First language at home Background: Sveinbjornsdottir and Thorsteinsson (2014) have proposed a two-dimensional theory of adolescent coping with cross-cultural population application within the highest Human Development Index Categories (HDI) category, namely the Measure of Adolescent Coping Strategies (MACS). However, this measure has only had limited testing outside western cultures. The present study examines the outcome for MACS in the second highest HDI category using a sample from the Fiji islands. Method: The MACS was answered by 809 adolescents of diverse origins from different parts of Fiji. Respondents included 397 boys 12 to 20 years of age (M = 15.79) and 409 girls 13 to 19 years of age (M = 15.60). Results: Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) results showed the MACS to have a reliable factorial and dimensional structure in Fiji. The pattern of findings for comparisons between boys and girls in Fiji was similar to that of comparisons between boys and girls in Australia and Iceland. There were no differences on the five MACS coping factors comparing mother tongue (Fijian and Hindi). Conclusion: the two-dimensional theory of adolescent coping was confirmed and the MACS was found to be a useful adolescent coping measure in Fiji.
Background: Of all the childhood vaccines, the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination has a uniquely controversial history. The present study aimed to investigate whether attitudes to autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and the ability to appropriately interpret scientific information impacts parental decisions regarding vaccination. Method: A sample of 132 parents and expectant parents (mean age 38.40 years; > 60% with university education) participated in a survey related to attitudes toward and knowledge about the MMR and ASD, and completed a standardized test of science (The American College Test). Results: Knowledge of ASD was related to attitudes towards ASD while attitudes towards ASD were related to scientific literacy and attitudes towards MMR. Only attitudes towards MMR predicted MMR vaccine status (i.e., vaccination decision). Conclusion: Factors other than scientific literacy seem to contribute towards MMR vaccine status.
Objectives. The global burden of burnout cost is in excess of $300 billion annually. Locally, just under half of working Australians experience high levels of occupational burnout. Consequently, burnout interventions are paramount to organisational productivity. Exercise has the potential to provide a multilevel and cost effective burnout intervention. The current study aims to extend the literature by comparing cardiovascular with resistance exercise to assess their relative effectiveness against well-being, perceived stress, and burnout. Design. Participants were 49 (36 females and 13 males) previously inactive volunteers ranging in age from 19 to 68 that completed a four week exercise program of either cardiovascular, resistance, or no exercise (control). Randomised control trial design was employed. Method. Participants were measured against the Subjective Exercise Experience Scale, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Results. After four weeks of exercise participants had greater positive well-being and personal accomplishment, and concomitantly less psychological distress, perceived stress, and emotional exhaustion. Cardiovascular exercise was found to increase well-being and decrease psychological distress, perceived stress, and emotional exhaustion. Resistance training was noticeably effective in increasing well-being and personal accomplishment and to reduce perceived stress. The present findings revealed large effect sizes suggesting that exercise may be an effective treatment for burnout. However, given a small sample size further research needs to be conducted. Conclusion. Exercise has potential to be an effective burnout intervention. Different types of exercise may assist employees in different ways. Organisations wishing to proactively reduce burnout can do so by encouraging their employees to access regular exercise programs.
A sample of 243 women completed an online self-report questionnaires for self-oriented and socially-prescribed perfectionism , locus of control, and postpartum depression.
Participants were 140 Australian diabetes educators, 131 females, age from 31 to 68. Measures included burnout, perceived organisational support, and social support. Demographic questions included: sex, age, personal diabetes status, hours worked, and geographic location.
This data set covers 449 participants aged from 16 to 71 years of age from a wide range of English speaking Internet forums including social media, and self-help groups. Of these participants, 68.9% were classified as non-problematic users, 24.4% as problematic users, and 6.7% as addictive Internet users. The results indicated that among adolescents the main contributing factors to Internet addiction (IA) were: high use of discussion forums, high rumination levels, and low levels of self-care. For adults, IA was mainly predicted by: engagement in online video gaming and sexual activity, low email use, as well as high anxiety and high avoidant coping. Furthermore, problematic adult Internet users scored higher on emotion and avoidance coping responses while problematic adolescent Internet users scored higher on rumination and lower on self-care. Avoidance coping responses mediated the relationship between psychological distress and Internet addiction.
The authors tested the effects of a laboratory analogue of social support on reactivity to laboratory-based behavioral challenge. Video-relayed supportive commentary was provided by a same-sex confederate while participants (40 healthy men and women assigned to support and no-support groups) performed a demanding computer task, and their heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and salivary cortisol were measured. The authors found that heart rate and cortisol level (but not blood pressure) were attenuated in the support condition for both genders. Objective performance on the task was similar in both groups, but the social support group reported higher levels of perceived support and rated the task as easier than did participants in the no-support condition. Video presentation offers new opportunities for systematically examining social support and its effects. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA ) (journal abstract)
The effects of social support on cardiovascular and cortisol reactivity during stressful situations were examined. Sixty healthy male and female participants were randomly allocated to support, no-support, or alone conditions. In the active challenge, participants had higher diastolic blood pressure in the support than the alone condition. In the passive challenge, the support condition reduced systolic and diastolic blood pressure reactivity compared with no-support, and heart rate compared with the alone condition. The active and passive challenges elicited “mixed” and vascular hemodynamic profile, respectively. The results partly support the health benefits of support through reduced reactivity in stressful situations.
Background: The current study investigated mental health literacy in an Australian sample to examine the influence sex has in the identification of and attitudes towards various aspects of mental illness. Methods: An online questionnaire was completed by 373 participants (267 female, M = 34.87). Participants were randomly assigned a vignette depicting an individual exhibiting the symptoms of one of three types of mental illness and asked to answer questions relating to aspects of mental health literacy. Results: Males exhibited poorer mental health literacy skills compared to females. Males were less likely to correctly identify the type of mental illness, more likely to rate symptoms as less serious and to perceive the individual as having greater personal control over such symptoms. Conclusions: Generally, the sample was relatively proficient at correctly identifying mental illness but overall males displayed poorer mental health literacy skills than females. (Abstract from published manuscript https://peerj.com/preprints/965v1/).
This dataset contains different indices of schizophrenia literacy such as identification, beliefs about treatment, and beliefs about causes. There were 260 participants (adult men and women). Information is present for health education background, mental health literacy based on a vignette of a person suffering from schizophrenia. Questions were asked before and after watching an educational video on schizophrenia or a control video on stress (randomized control trial). Higher schizophrenia literacy was associated with health education background and educational intervention.
This study aimed to describe the philosophy and practice of Japanese acupuncture practitioners in Japan, and explain Japanese acupuncture in terms of philosophical concepts, diagnostic methods and treatment principles. In Japan, participants were recruited by chain referral and emergent sampling. Over four and a half years, data was collected through participant observation, interviews and by gathering documents. Thematic analysis was used to critically evaluate data.
The occurrences are mapped to see the current (historical) occurrence. This also can be seen in the figures of each article already published. The geographic coordinates are uploaded to the UNE cloud to add more support to the thesis. The article information is enough to reproduce our research. The data was collected to find the current (historical) suitability for the species under study. This information was collected from literature resources, web sites such as GBIF, PlantWise and for maize from a Mexican Institution named CONABIO.
This research study analysed the crime rate spatially and it examined the relationship between crime and spatial factors in Saudi Arabia. It reviewed the related literature that has utilised crime mapping techniques, such as Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and remote sensing (RS); these techniques are a basic part of effectively helping security and authority agencies by providing them with a clear perception of crime patterns and a surveillance direction to track and tackle crime. This study analysed the spatial relationships between crime and place, immigration, changes in urban areas, weather and transportation networks. The research study was divided into six parts to investigate the correlation between crime and these factors. The first part of the research study examined the relationship between crime and place across the 13 provinces of Saudi Arabia using GIS techniques based on population density in order to identify and visualise the spatial distributions of national and regional crime rates for drug crimes, thefts, murders, assaults, and alcohol-related and ‘outrageous crimes’ (offences against Islam) over a 10-year period from 2003 to 2012. Social disorganisation theory was employed to guide the study and explain the diversity in crime patterns across the country. The highest rates of overall crimes were identified in the Northern Borders Province and Jizan, which are located in the northern and southern regions of the country, respectively; the eastern area of the country was found to have the lowest crime rate. Most drug offences occurred in the Northern Borders Province and Jizan; high rates of theft were recorded in the Northern Borders Province, Jouf Province and Makkah Province, while the highest rates of homicide occurred in Asir Province. The second part of the research study aimed to determine the trends of overall crime in relation to six crime categories: drug-related activity, theft, murder, assault, alcohol-related crimes and outrageous or sex-related crimes, in Saudi Arabia’s 13 provinces over a 10-year period from 2003 to 2012. The study analysed the spatial and temporal changes of criminal cases. Spatial changes were used to determine the differences over the time period of 2003–2012 to show the provincial rates of change for each crime category. Temporal changes were used to compute the trends of the overall crime rate and crimes in the six categories per 1,000 people per year. The results showed that the overall crime rate increased steadily until 2008; thereafter it decreased in all areas except for the Northern Borders Province and Jizan, which recorded the highest crime rates throughout the study period. We have explained that decrease in terms of changes in wages, support for the unemployed and service improvements, which were factors that previous studies also emphasised as being the primary cause for the decrease. This study includes a detailed discussion to contribute to the understanding of the changes in the crime rates in these categories throughout this period in the 13 provinces of Saudi Arabia. The third part of the research study aimed to explain the effects of immigration on the overall crime rate in the six most significant categories of crime in Saudi Arabia, which are drug-related activity, theft, murder, assault, alcohol-related crimes and outrageous crimes, during a 10-year period from 2003 to 2012, in all 13 administrative provinces. It also sought to identify the provinces most affected by the criminal activities of immigrants during this period. No positive association between immigrants and criminal cases was found. It was clearly visible that the highest rate of overall criminal activities was in the south, north and Makkah areas, where there is a high probability of illegal immigrants. This finding supports the basic criminological theory that areas with high levels of immigrants also experience high rates of crime. The study’s results provide recommendations to the Saudi government, policy-makers, decision-makers and immigration authorities, which could assist in reducing crimes perpetrated by immigrants. In the fourth part of the research study, urban areas were examined in relation to crime rates. Urban area expansion is one of the most critical types of worldwide change, and most urban areas are experiencing increased population growth and infrastructure development. Urban change leads to many changes in the daily activities of people living within an affected area. Many studies have suggested that urbanisation and crime are related. However, those studies focused on land uses, types of land use and urban forms, such as the physical features of neighbourhoods, roads, shopping centres and bus stations. It is very important for criminologists and urban planning decision-makers to understand the correlation between urban area expansion and crime. In this research, satellite images were used to measure urban expansion over a 10-year period; the study tested the correlations between these expansions and the number of criminal activities within these specific areas. The results show that there is a measurable relationship between urban expansion and criminal activities. The findings support the crime opportunity theory as one possibility, which suggests that population density and crime are conceptually related. Moreover, the results show that the correlations are stronger in areas that have undergone greater urban growth. This study did not evaluate many other factors that might affect the crime rate, such as information on the spatial details of the population, city planning, economic considerations, the distance from the city centre, the quality of neighbourhoods, and the number of police officers. However, this research will be of particular interest to those who aim to use remote sensing to study crime patterns. The fifth part of the research study investigated the impacts of weather on crime rates in two different cities: Riyadh and Makkah. While a number of studies have examined climate influences on crime and human behaviour by investigating the correlation between climate and weather elements, such as temperature, humidity and precipitation, and crime rates, few studies have focused on haze as a weather element and its correlation with crime. This research examined haze as a weather variable to investigate its effects on criminal activity and compare its effects with those of temperature and humidity. Monthly crime data and monthly weather records were used to build a regression model to predict crime cases based on three weather factors using temperature, humidity and haze values. This model was applied to two provinces in Saudi Arabia with different types of climates: Riyadh and Makkah. Riyadh Province is a desert area in which haze occurs approximately 17 days per month on average. Makkah Province is a coastal area where it is hazy an average of 4 days per month. A measurable relationship was found between each of these three variables and criminal activity. However, haze had a greater effect on theft, drug-related crimes and assault in Riyadh Province than temperature and humidity. Temperature and humidity were the efficacious variables in Makkah Province, while haze had no significant influence in that region. Finally, the sixth part of the research study examined the influence of the quality and extent of road networks on crime rates in both urban and rural areas in Jizan Province, Saudi Arabia. We performed both Ordinary Least Squares regression (OLS) and Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) where crime rate was the dependent variable and paved (sealed) roads, non-paved (unsealed/gravel) roads and population density were the explanatory variables. Population density was a control variable. The findings reveal that, across all 14 districts in that province, the districts with better quality paved road networks had lower rates of crime than the districts with unpaved roads. Furthermore, the more extensive the road networks, the lower the crime rate whether or not the roads were paved. These findings concur with those reported in studies conducted in other countries, which revealed that rural areas are not always the safe, crime-free places they are often believed to be. This research contributes knowledge about the geographical information of criminal movement, and it offers some conceivable reasons for crime rates and patterns in relation to the spatial factors and the sociocultural perspectives of Saudi Arabian life. More geographical research is still needed in terms of criminology, which will provide a better understanding of crime patterns, particularly in Saudi Arabia, and across the globe, where the spatial distribution of criminal cases is an essential base in crime research. Furthermore, additional studies are needed to investigate the complex interventions of the effect of different spatial variables on crime and the uncertainties correlation with the impact of environmental factors. This can help predict the impact of socioeconomic and environmental factors. The greater part of such an investigation will enhance the understanding of crime patterns, which is imperative for advancing a framework that can be used to address crime reduction and crime prevention.
Data collected at Gatton, Southeast Queensland, the impact of forage legume biomass management (retained vs. cut and removed) on inputs of fixed N, soil N and subsequent maize yield were assessed for an irrigated field experiment. Available soil mineral N following tropical forage legumes lablab (Lablab purpureus), centro (Centrosema pascuorum), butterfly pea (Clitoria ternatea) and burgundy bean (Macroptilium bracteatum) and grain legume soybean (Glycine max) were compared with maize (Zea mays) when legume biomass was retained or cut and removed. After these legumes, a subsequent bioassay of an oat (Avena sativa) cover crop and a maize grain crop were grown and N uptake, biomass production and grain yield were compared among tropical legumes and the maize control. To determine N fertiliser equivalence values for subsequent maize crop yields different rates of fertiliser (0, 50, 100 and 150 kg urea-N/ha) were applied. Data for West Timor, Indonesia used simulations and participatory methods to assess the potential impact of forage legumes on smallholder farmers. Farming systems model APSIM was used to assess the potential impact of retaining or removing forage legumes on subsequent maize yield. Whole farm model the Integrated Analysis Tool then used the outputs from APSIM simulations to simulate the production and economic impacts of forage legumes on smallholder farmers. Finally, participatory on-farm assessment in 6 villages in West Timor elucidated farmers perceptions of the potential impacts of forage legumes on their farms and households. This included separate men’s and women’s focus groups assessing the benefits and constraints of forage legumes for smallholder farmers
The datasets contain four folders as follows; 1. Experiment 1 (excel and word document) 2. Experiment 2 (excel and word document) 3. Experiment 3 (excel and word document) 4. Experiment 4 (excel and word document) The data was collected from four animal experiments were conducted to address below objectives: the first two experiments were conducted to determine the tissue distribution (in four selected tissues) and shedding profiles of CAV in specific pathogen-free (SPF) and commercial broiler chickens respectively up to 28 days post infection (DPI). The third experiment was conducted to study the dynamics of the virus over a longer period (56 DPI) in nine tissues. A fourth experiment was carried out to investigate the lateral transmission routes of CAV.
Reinstating connectivity is seen as one way to ameliorate biodiversity loss resulting from agricultural activities. Natural resource management agencies require scientific knowledge to better inform revegetation programmes for increasing connectivity. Concepts of metapopulation theory and landscape ecology have been combined to produce spatially explicit outputs based on fragmentation-sensitive and poor-dispersing woodland species and which are designed to improve the occurrence and persistence of biodiversity. Selected outputs have been incorporated into the operations of a NRM revegetation programme. The results from the research provide alternative management options relevant to variegated and fragmented landscapes. Spatial data, spreadsheets, R scripts
PhD thesis dataset including the modelling of flora and fauna in Nepal and adjacent Himalayas. Climate change impacts for flora and fauna in the region were the posited from these models.
PhD dataset includes a series of parameters generated by national sheep genetic improvement organisations, as well as pedigree and performance records from animals in Australia and New Zealand. The dataset also includes a series of simulation outcomes and documents with reports and manuscripts.
3D digital models reconstructed from CT scans of museum specimens. All specimens are located in Australian Museum, Sydney. Aegypius monachus is located at BSPG Museum in Munich, Germany.